What is Solana (SOL) : Detailed Explained for Beginners

What is Solana (SOL) : Detailed Explained for Beginners
What is Solana (SOL) : Detailed Explained for Beginners

Solana – Introduction

How many of you have heard about Solana? If you’re like most people, then the answer is probably none. Solana has a complicated history and isn’t one of the most popular cryptocurrencies on the market, but it could be worth your time to learn more about it.

This cryptocurrency was created in 2017 by Anatoly Yakovenko, a former executive at Qualcomm, and it’s designed to solve blockchain bloat problems through clever sharding technology. The goal is to create a distributed ledger that can process microtransactions at speeds of up to hundreds of thousands per second.

Since Solana has been among the newest cryptocurrency in the market, this post will walk you through the impressive potential, how transactions are handled on the blockchain and other interesting facts about Solana.

Let’s get started…

Man holding a golden Solana coin with the financial stock market graph in the background. Cryptocurrency coin. Financial market.


What Is Solana?

Solana is a Blockchain-based protocol that enables high-speed transactions at scale. Solana can handle more than 1,000 transactions per second with a single confirmation. This can be compared to Visa, which does 4,000 tps, and Bitcoin and Ethereum, which do approximately seven and 15 tps, respectively.

Scalability is one of cryptocurrency’s biggest challenges, and it is an essential feature that will determine whether or not enterprise businesses adopt blockchain technology. Solana offers a unique solution that solves scalability issues through sharding, off-chain computing, and using Proof of History instead of Proof of Work.

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The average transaction time on their network is less than two seconds while reducing computation costs by 1000x through its Proof of History consensus mechanism. These features make Solana extremely attractive as a scalable platform for enterprise use cases.

Many projects are currently being built on top of Solana, including Filecoin, Blockstack, and Storj. It has also been announced that Amazon Web Services will be implementing support for SOL in 2019.

While these partnerships are exciting developments, they are just beginning to scratch the surface of what is possible with truly scalable blockchain infrastructure.

There is still much work ahead before we see mass adoption, but when we do, I think there’s no doubt that Solana will play an important role in shaping our future digital landscape. You can check out their website here to learn more about Solana. To read my complete analysis of Solana, click here.


What makes Solana unique?

Solana is what it sounds like – a blockchain that can scale. The company has developed software that allows them to scale operations infinitely. This means that no matter how much more traffic or users join their platform, they’ll be able to manage it without slowing down.

If Solana works as well as advertised, it will change cryptocurrency and computing technology as we know it. For example, major players in cloud computing like Amazon Web Services and Microsoft Azure charge by use – you pay even if you’re not using their servers all day and night.

A scalable blockchain could completely disrupt these models, giving individuals and businesses control over when they spend money on computer power instead of letting a corporation make those decisions for them… and potentially saving billions of dollars per year in wasted energy costs.

Solana may have solved one of crypto’s biggest problems, and they’ve done so while providing an innovative solution to a problem outside of crypto as well. It’s an exciting time to be involved with cryptocurrency!

With most cryptocurrencies, several fundamental issues are holding them back from true success: transaction speed, scalability, and privacy. Although companies like Bitcoin believe they’ve fixed some of these issues, many naysayers are calling BS on whether or not these truly are solved problems.

Here’s why it matters to you – if Bitcoin claims scalability isn’t important because there aren’t enough people using their network yet, other blockchains will swoop in with better solutions. And sure enough… enter Solana.

They claim their platform solves two very big problems – scalability and efficiency – through parallelization architecture built specifically for handling blockchain transactions efficiently.

What does that mean? Well, let’s start by taking a look at how traditional blockchains work. Most popular blockchains use a system called Proof-of-Work (PoW). This means that miners have to solve complex mathematical equations before they can add another block of data to the chain.

The more blocks added to a chain. However, the more difficult those equations become – making it harder for new blocks to be added quickly.

This is one reason why Bitcoin has been so slow lately – although there are thousands of miners trying to solve each equation every ten minutes, only one miner can succeed at adding a new block per round. So what happens when everyone wants to send money all at once?

A ton of money gets stuck in limbo while everyone waits for a miner to complete an equation, then even more time passes as miners verify each transaction. In theory, PoW works great – but in practice, it’s far too slow and inefficient for today’s world.

To fix these problems, Solana uses something called Proof-of-History (PoH), which allows anyone who owns SOL tokens (their native cryptocurrency) to participate in verifying transactions without having to solve any complex math equations first.

It’s pretty complicated stuff, but basically, PoH allows users to take turns creating new blocks instead of relying on just one person or group.

Solana is a revolutionary, open-source project that includes a new and swift layer-1 blockchain.

Solana uses a unique hybrid consensus model to combine the fast synchronization engine of proof-of-stake (PoS) with a new proof-of-history (PoH) version. This will enable the Solana network to process over 710,000 transactions per second (TPS) without scaling solutions.

Solana’s third-generation blockchain architecture was created to support a wide variety of smart contracts and decentralized applications. They offer a range of decentralized finance (Defi) platforms and can even connect to nonfungible token (NFT) marketplaces.

In 2017, Solana had their Initial Coin Offering (ICO), and during the rollout, the project had its internal test net, which led to the project being fully launched in 2020.

Solana’s ambitious design aims to overcome the Ethereum trilemma, a concept proposed by Vitalik Buterin, in its way. This trilemma identifies three major challenges for developers who want to build blockchain systems enhanced decentralization, security, and scalability.

The commonly-held belief is that you can only choose two of these things: Scalability, Security, and Privacy, but blockchains provide two of the three at the same time.

The Solana blockchain has a proposed hybrid mechanism, compromising on decentralization to optimize the rate. The idea combination of PoS and PoH makes Solana a unique project in the blockchain industry.


How does Solana work?

Solana uses a blockchain to verify transactions, but instead of using mining power and blocks like most cryptocurrencies, it relies on a Proof of History algorithm. The proof of history verifies each transaction as it occurs in real-time.

Essentially, as transactions occur, they are grouped into what is known as an event block. Event blocks can include hundreds or even thousands of micro-transactions that would normally be difficult or impossible to analyze individually.

The Solana network breaks these down into buckets and then verifies that each transaction within those buckets is accurate. Once verified, each bucket is added to a chain of blocks – similar to how Bitcoin operates – which serves as an immutable record of all transactions made on the Solana network.

As more users transact with one another, more events will occur, and more events will need verification. This means that there will always be plenty of work available for miners as long as people transact with one another.

This also means that no single entity can control who participates in verifying data because everyone has access to it at all times. Since everyone has access to all data at all times, no single person can rewrite history, making fraud impossible while simultaneously providing 100% transparency across every aspect of its system.

Moreover, PoH can be seen as a high-frequency Verifiable Delay Function (VDF), which, combined with the project’s robust TPS network, enables it to be scalable.

Moreover, the triple function (setup, evaluation, verification) is the high-frequency VDF that the project is. Moreover, VDF maintains order in the network by proving that block producers have waited enough time for the network to move forward.

This cryptography system can provide different cryptanalytic tools, one of which is the high-quality, uncompromised service to obtain from the cardholder using encrypted, remote solutions. The network constantly checks the Hashes on different miners, rendering valuable data in the time frame specified.

A Solana data validator is a component that adds a specific bit of data to the hash index, so that timestamp creation in the time-order queue can use this specific piece of data for inclusion.

To claim huge TPS and minimal block creation time, every node on the network needs a cryptographic clock to keep track of events rather than waiting for other validators to verify transactions.


The SOL token

Solana’s crypto asset of choice is its ERC-20 token, SOL. Its ICO was held in October 2017, and just 10 million tokens were issued. The remaining ~4 million tokens are reserved for a team pool and are locked until November 2019.

Of these 4 million SOL, 2 million are specifically dedicated to network development and testing and will not be sold or traded at any point. Solana engineers will use these tokens solely as incentives or rewards to motivate contributions that advance Solana’s mission of building scalable blockchain technology.

Originally launched in March 2020, the so-called sound of Liberty currency (SOL) is targeting becoming one of the top 10 digital currencies by increasing its market capitalization.

SOL token uses a scheme like that in the Ethereum blockchain. It might work the same, but holders of the Solana token stake it to validate transactions through the PoS consensus mechanism. On top of that, the Solana token is used to get rewards and pay transaction fees while also SOL to the users, letting them partake in governance.

Let’s consider the case of how many Solana coins there are. More than 500 million tokens will be released in circulation, and the total supply is now at 511 million tokens. Approximately 60% of SOL tokens are controlled by Solana’s founders and the Solana Foundation, and 38% are reserved for the community.

When buying Solana, there are various exchanges you can use, such as Binance, Coinbase, KuCoin, Huobi, and FTX.


Who is behind this project?

Solana is a new blockchain platform that aims to be fast, secure, and ready for mass adoption. Some of Ethereum’s brightest minds are building it. We sat down with CEO and Co-Founder Anatoly Yakovenko to understand Solana and how it works.

Solana’s development team are all veterans of Google and Twitter. They saw an opportunity to build a better blockchain architecture that could scale well beyond what existing platforms can do today.

Solana was born out of one such project, codenamed fiber, which started as a pet project at Google X before transferring over to Twitter’s engineering department.

As you might expect from a team with experience working on large-scale distributed systems, Solana’s architecture is designed to scale horizontally across many thousands of machines while supporting transaction processing rates that exceed Visa or MasterCard.

In addition to its technical merits, we were impressed by Solana’s commitment to transparency and community engagement. The company has been active on social media channels like Telegram and Reddit, where they have shared its vision openly while soliciting user feedback.

They have also launched a bug bounty program so that anyone can help find bugs in their code base. Check out our guide here if you want to learn more about Solana. And if you would like to get involved with their mission, please join them on Telegram or follow them on Twitter.



Solana aims to take on blockchain’s biggest obstacle – scalability. Scalability can be roughly defined as how much activity per second a blockchain is capable of supporting. To put things in perspective, there are 5-6 transactions per second on Bitcoin and Ethereum, and Visa processes more than 20,000 transactions per second at peak times.

Solana has achieved 710 tx/s with just three nodes, which would place it well above Visa’s performance, with plans to take it up to 100k tx/s in 2018.

The team estimates that by increasing node numbers further and tweaking their tech slightly, they could theoretically reach 1 million transactions per second or more by 2019 or 2020.


Market analysis

Solana is a blockchain technology that is trying to solve one of the biggest problems in blockchain and cryptocurrency, scalability. They are not trying to compete with Bitcoin or Ethereum but instead offer a solution for businesses who want to utilize their blockchain.

Solana TradingView


Solana’s proposal deals with solana price that involves using a sharding model to increase transaction speed as more nodes join its network. Sharding essentially means breaking up a larger group into smaller subgroups.

For example, if you have a group of 1000 people and need to split them into groups of 20, you would divide them into groups of 5, then 2, then 1.

This would result in 4 groups containing 100 people each. Check out their whitepaper here to understand how it works on a technical level. The company has already released an alpha version of its testnet, which can be found here. Its mainnet is scheduled to launch later in 2018. Check out the market price on Chart, Click Here

Solana (SOL) Explained for Beginners: All You Need to Know


What are the benefits of SOL?

First and foremost, Solana is a standalone blockchain platform. In other words, it was built from scratch and utilized a unique consensus algorithm that makes it independent of any other platform.

There are also some pretty powerful speed benefits due to its low latency architecture, which means transactions are processed immediately without any delays you might see with other blockchains such as Bitcoin or Ethereum.

Furthermore, if another cryptocurrency wants to use Solana’s software and infrastructure, it can do so freely under a licensing agreement. This means they won’t have to build their new chain, saving everyone involved time and money.

Lastly, because Solana is built on top of Linux containers, users can choose exactly how much space they want to devote to running nodes. If you don’t need your node to be blazing fast and secure, then there’s no reason to dedicate more resources than necessary.


Solana vs. Ethereum

Solana aims to make a platform that programmers and developers can easily use. They compete directly with Ethereum and Tron, which make decentralized computing platforms. Solana’s use of the Proof-of-History consensus algorithm means it has a major edge over its competition.

What is Solana
Solana SOL, Ethereum ETH, and Bitcoin BTC cryptocurrency physical coin on a dark background.


This makes it easier for developers to build on top of their platform without needing as much specialized knowledge because SOL is compatible with modern systems and languages. This will give them an advantage in getting more developers onto their platform.

Solana has earned a lot of recognition for its speedy functionality and outperformed even the cryptocurrency industry leaders, like Ethereum.


How does Solana compare to Ethereum, and can it kill Ethereum?

Solana claims to be capable of verifying over 50,000 transactions per second. Solana operates through different algorithms to speed up the verification process. This allows Solana to be one of the fastest blockchains in the industry for people outside of the crypto industry.

Compared to this high scalable number, the current low scalable Ethereum proof-of-work model can only handle 15 TPS. Solana is thus thousands of times faster than Ethereum. Another Solana advantage is that our network has extremely cost-effective, thanks to the new tokenomics for lower fees.

The second-largest cryptocurrency by market cap, Ethereum’s transaction costs is around $0.40 per transaction. The average transaction price on Solana’s platform is less than one cent per transaction and will continue to decrease as more users join and use their platform.

Solana also offers better privacy with their Masternode technology; they encrypt data so it cannot be stolen or traced back to its source.


How is it different from Bitcoin?

Solana is different from Bitcoin because it uses Proof of History rather than Proof of Work. Solana transactions are instant, and they are much more scalable. The system also supports smart contracts and multi-signature support.

These features combined allow Solana to scale as it grows in popularity, which is one of its biggest advantages over Bitcoin. With Solana, you can process thousands of transactions per second instead of a few dozen like Bitcoin currently does.

In addition, you can only mine Bitcoins using expensive mining equipment that consumes a lot of electricity. With Solana, you only need a computer and internet connection to participate in mining blocks.

This makes it much easier for people worldwide to take part in mining without having to invest money into expensive hardware or pay high electricity bills. Lastly, unlike Bitcoin’s cap of 21 million coins, there is no limit on how many SOL coins will be created.

This means there’s no risk of your investment becoming worthless due to inflation. Solana is based on a technology called Proof of History and has some similarities with blockchain technology used by cryptocurrencies such as Ethereum.

Solana aims to create a platform that can power decentralized applications (dApps). By combining these dApps with their new Proof of History consensus mechanism, developers can build innovative applications that run smoothly and securely at very high speeds.

So far, they have already launched several test dApps, including those built on top of QTUM, EOS, Stellar Lumens, and Ethereum blockchains.



Solana aims to be a scalable and decentralized blockchain that can handle large amounts of transactions while maintaining an efficient level of network security. It will accomplish these things by using Proof-of-Stake consensus instead of Proof-of-Work, which is more commonly used among popular cryptocurrencies.

Solana also plans on using sharding to increase transaction speed, contributing to its ability to scale effectively. The project may appear complicated, but it’s worth getting into if you’re interested in a fast-growing industry or blockchain technology.

With a deep bench of experienced advisors and developers, Solana has all the ingredients needed to make their vision become a reality, an important thing considering how rapidly blockchain is evolving. They are currently accepting applications for testnet participation via their website.

Originally posted 2022-09-07 17:15:14.

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